Heat Level ScaleThe "Scoville Organoleptic Test" was developed in 1912 by Wilbur Scoville to measure the heat level of chili peppers. Pure ground chilies were mixed with sugar water, and a group of "testers" would taste the solution. The solution was diluted in equal increments until the “hotness” was no longer detected.
As an example, lets say you have a chile rated 3000 Scoville units. This means if you used 1 tablespoon of this chili, you would have to combine it with 3000 tablespoons of sugar water to dilute the concoction to where you no longer feel the heat!
Today, a lab test called High-Pressure Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) is used to determine the hotness of peppers and the capsaicin level or Scoville units of hot sauces. I guess it got too hot for human subjects to endure.
Below is a table showing the Scoville Heat Rating for various peppers.
|Peppers||Scoville Heat Rating|
|Cherry/Pepperoncini||100 - 500|
|New Mexico||500 - 1000|
|Poblano/Ancho/Pasilla||1000 - 1500|
|Rocotillo/Numex Big Jim||1500 - 2500|
|Jalapeno/Mirasol||2500 - 5000|
|Chipotle/Yellow Wax/Serrano||5000 - 15000|
|Manzano/De Arbol||15000 - 30000|
|Cayenne/Tabasco||30000 - 50000|
|Thai/Piquin||50000 - 100,000|
|Habanero/Scotch Bonnet/Birds Eye||100,000 - 350,000|
|Red Savina Habanero||350,000 - 600,000|
|Ghost Pepper/Naga Jolokia||855,000-1,041,427|
|7 Pot Primo||800,000-1,473,480|
|Pure Capsaicin||16 Million|
We at Hot Sauce Mall rate our products on a Heat Rating Scale of 1 to 10 ++++. While we realize heat is subject to an individuals taste and tolerance, we try to give you an accurate basis to go by. After all one man's rated 6 may be another man's rated 8! If we have a Scoville rating from the manufacturer and feel like it is accurate, we provide it in the product description.
A heat rating of 9 is the highest we rate a hot sauce that is hot from the chiles only. Once pepper extract, or capsaicin is added we rate the sauces 10 or above. Occasionally a sauce is so hot naturally from just peppers it may received a rating of 10 or above also.
View the Hot Sauce Mall Guide below.
|Hot Sauce Mall Rating||Scoville Rating|
|2||0 - 100|
|3||100 - 500|
|4||500 - 1000|
|5||1000 - 3000|
|6||3000 - 5000|
|7||5000 - 10,000|
|8||10,000 - 25,000|
|9||25,000 - 50,000|
|10||50,000 - 100,000|
|10+||100,000 - 300,000|
|10++||300,000 - 500,000|
|10+++||500,000 - 1,000,000|
|10++++||1,000,000 and over|